Motoculteur Bouyer

The history of the brand Bouyer started both in Saint-Nazaire and in Nancy. At the beginning of the 20th century Félix Bouyer was engaged as gardener and inventor. He built tools moved by brawn for himself and his colleagues, amongst others stick tools, hoes and ploughs. His son Henri succeeded the inventive genius of his father and conducted technical studies, which he completed through his experiences at the shipyards of Saint-Nazaire.
In the First World War Henri Bouyer was conscripted into the squadron „Cigognes“ as positioned mechanic. In 1918, he met his future wife and settled at least in Lothringen.
1926 he founded a company for mechanical engineering and produced – by picking up the ideas of his father – a manual powered hoe, called „Rétroforce“.
In 1933 the „Rétroforce“ was equipped with an engine and became the first one-wheeled walk-behind tractor from Bouyer. The speciality of this machine was, that it led the tools at the front for a better sight. (Bouyer should remain a specialist for tools at the front for a long time.) The walk-behind tractor was built in small series and was sold in this shape till 1939.
After the factory was destroyed in 1944, Henri Bouyer supported by his two sons Henri Junior and Jean restarted his activity as commercial representative for Ferguson in two departments. For a long time Bouyer produced adhesion wheels for Massey-Ferguson and adaptable auger drills for power take-offs of tractors. Meanwhile, the studies at the walk-behind tractors were renewed. The result was a range of product models, which made Bouyer to one of the biggest producers of walk-behind tractors. So in the 1950s the transformable one-wheeled walk-behind tractors of the type 532 were released.
In 1960 the model 333 was drafted, which initiated a revolution at the transformable gadgets. With one cell one became a walk-behind tractor, a motor hoe and a motor moulding cutter. The successors could also be transformed into a winch, a hedge trimmer, a stationary engine, a water or slurry pump or an engine driven mower. In 1962 the production of the Bouyer walk-behind tractors reached 600 machines per month. After 1970 the transformable motor hoe was developed and Bouyer produced different models. The difference between the motor hoe and the walk-behind tractor was, that the walk-behind tractor always was equipped with wheels, which enabled one to work with tools, which could be drawn or powered by the power take-off of the walk-behind tractor. A typical example was the „Rotavator“.
The walk-behind tractor could carry wheels, while the motor hoe normally was smaller and could only carry rotating tools. The tractors were mainly used in the gardening, market gardening, fruit-growing and in the nursery. While in Europe they were primarily utilized in private gardens, in Asia they were seen as standard agricultural tool and were for example used for the work in rice fields.
Simultaneously with the development of the motor hoe Bouyer extended his range of products to balance the decrease of the activity in the walk-behind tractor branch.
In 1980 the company produced a lift truck, a tool holder, tropic equipment and a lifting ramp. Subsequently, Bouyer flourished furthermore till 1982-1985. But afterwards it has to quit his activity.

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